To describe the case of a domestic goose treated with lipid emulsion following the ingestion of oleander leaves
Ingestion of toxic substances is a common event in companion animals and livestock, especially in waterfowl. Oleander (Nerium oleander) toxicosis is rarely reported in avian species, with symptoms including cardiac, neurological, and gastrointestinal manifestations.
A 6-month-old domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus) was presented for depression, anorexia, permanent sternal recumbency, weakness and incoordination, and the owners witnessed the ingestion of oleander leaves. Despite the absence of evident cardiac symptoms, biochemical, hematological findings showed a significant increase of CPK, AST, LDH, and troponin I. Therapy was set with intravenous (IV) fluid administration, antibiotic and anti-inflammatory, oral activated charcoal, and IV lipid emulsion at 15 mL/kg/h. Clinical improvement was achieved after 2 hours. The patient was discharged 3 days after admission, with complete recovery and return to normal biochemical values 10 days after initial presentation.
The present work describes a case of spontaneous oleander poisoning in a domestic goose, with the first use of troponin I to diagnose cardiac injury in this species and the first report of IV lipid emulsion to successfully treat this kind of toxicosis in veterinary practice.
“Use of intralipid emulsion therapy to treat oleander toxicosis in a domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus)” Emanuele Lubian, et al. Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.jepm.2021.08.018