Toxoplasma gondii is an apicomplexan protozoan parasite that has been associated with reproductive failure in small ruminants. Little is known about the risk factors associated with T. gondii infections.
In this study, 350 sheep and 290 goat serum samples from three governorates in Egypt were examined for presence of antibodies against T. gondii. Researchers evaluated the associated risk factors for the infection.
The seroprevalence in sheep and goats was 24% and 38.28%, respectively. In sheep and goats, age, sex, the presence of cats and hygienic conditions were identified as risk factors for T. gondii infection.
The prevalence rates were significantly higher in older animals more than two years old, females, among animals in contact with cats and animals living in poor hygienic conditions.
In conclusion, sheep and goats in the examined regions are commonly infected with T. gondii.
The identification of risk variables defines the sort of actions to be implemented to decrease and prevent T. gondii infection in small ruminant animals and, as a result, human infection.
Abdelfattah Selim et al. “Toxoplasma gondii infection in Egyptian domestic sheep and goats: seroprevalence and risk factors.” Trop Anim Health Prod. 2023 May 2;55(3):182. doi: 10.1007/s11250-023-03603-6.